Each group will select a major individual to represent
Activity 1. Biographies of Slavery's Opponents and DefendersStudents will compare and contrast the life stories of slavery's opponents and defenders by going to the following EDSITEment-reviewed websites to obtain information about their lives. A matrix for recording answers to questions about each viewpoint has been provided on pages 1-4 of the lesson's PDF.
(a) Three Opponents of Slavery: William Lloyd Garrison, Abraham Lincoln, and Frederick Douglass
Activity 2. The Morality and Legitimacy of Slavery Under the U.S. Constitution: Northern Abolitionist vs. Slaveholding Senator. In this activity, students will compare and contrast the ideas in two documents: one from the abolitionist orator and editor William Lloyd Garrison, and the other from the slaveholding Senator from South Carolina John C. Calhoun. Students will read Garrison's editorial:
Students read the two documents and answered the questions in the matrix, gather the class to discuss their findings. After the matrix has been completed by the class, give students time to ask questions and make comments about what they have learned. Ask them why Garrison excoriated the people of New England and the rest of the free states, and why Calhoun maintained that the South could not "concede an inch" on its position in regard to slavery. See if they noticed the role that temperament and personality played in the opinions and positions of these two men. Ask them to think about situations where an uncompromising stance on an issue would be a good thing, and where it might not be.